Lower Back Pain
Lower back pain is one of the most common medical problems in the world. It can range from a dull, constant ache to a sudden, sharp pain that makes it hard to move.
There are many different causes of lower back pain, but the most common one is muscle strain. This happens when the muscles in your back are stretched or torn. Other common causes include:
- disc problems
- spinal stenosis
Most lower back pain can be treated with home remedies and over-the-counter (OTC) medications. However, some people may need to see a doctor for more severe cases.
There are many different treatments for lower back pain, but the most important thing is to find one that works for you. Some people find relief with heat or ice packs, while others may need physical therapy.
What can cause lower back pain?
Lower back pain can have a variety of different causes. The most common cause is muscle strain, but other possible causes include:
Arthritis: Arthritis is a common cause of lower back pain. Osteoarthritis, the most common type of arthritis, occurs when the cartilage that cushions your joints breaks down over time. This can lead to pain and stiffness.
Disc problems: Disc herniation is a common cause of lower back pain. This happens when the discs that act as cushions between your vertebrae become damaged and start to bulge out. This can put pressure on your spinal cord and nerves, causing pain.
Scoliosis: Scoliosis is a condition that causes the spine to curve to the side. This can put pressure on the nerves and muscles, leading to pain.
Spinal stenosis: Spinal stenosis is a condition where the spinal canal narrows, putting pressure on the spinal cord and nerves. This can cause pain, numbness, and weakness in the legs.
How is lower back pain diagnosed?
Lower back pain is usually diagnosed based on a person’s symptoms. Your doctor will ask you about your medical history and do a physical exam. They may also order tests, such as an X-ray or MRI, to rule out other causes of your pain.
How is lower back pain treated?
Lower back pain can be treated with a variety of different methods. The most important thing is to find one that works for you. Some people find relief with home remedies, such as heat or ice packs, while others may need physical therapy.
Over-the-counter (OTC) medications, such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen, can also help to relieve pain. If your pain is severe, your doctor may prescribe stronger pain medications, such as opioids.
In some cases, surgery may be necessary to treat lower back pain. This is typically only recommended for people who have not responded to other treatments.